Digispark - Program Atmel ATtiny microcontroller with Arduino IDE

June 17, 2016

Lang: cs en de es

Digispark is a programmable platform that uses ATtiny processors and is compatible with Arduino. It could be described as an Arduino just with a different processor. How to start using Digispark?

Digispark is based on the ATtiny microcontroller, which is small, cheap, not very powerful and with few outputs, but it's enough for some basic tasks. In addition, it already includes USB, so there is no need for a USB serial converter. Digispark includes a bootloader which is used to conveniently load a program into the microcontroller.

Beliefs

Digispark

Digispark contains ATtiny85 microcontroller. The main parameters of Digispark are:

  • 6 I/O Pins
  • 8k Flash Memory
  • I2C and SPI
  • PWM on 3 pins
  • ADC on 4 pins
  • Power LED and Test/Status LED

digispark

Digispark Pro

Digispark Pro contains the ATtiny167 microcontroller.

  • 16KB Flash Memory
  • 14 I/O Pins
  • I2C, true SPI, UART, LIN and USI
  • ADC on 10 pins
  • Power LED and Test/Status LED

digispark pro

Operating

After connecting Digispark to PC via USB, the virtual serial port does not appear in the system as we are used to with Arduino. There is no need to install another module(driver). At least this is the case with Linux. When programming, you probably access the USB device directly.

Description The operation of the Digispark extension on the Arduino IDE is illustrated on the official website. Just click through and in Boards Manager add board support to Digistum.

In order for a non-privileged user to use this USB device, you need to add a subsystem The event rule for Dispark is again all clearly visible in the official manual. Another option is to add the user to a group that already has access rights to USB devices.

Uploading a program to Digispark works in the order: start upload then connect the device.

Starting Digispark Pro

Uploading code to Digispark Pro didn't work for me. The Arduino IDE reported this problem:

 Warning: device with unknown new version of Micronucleus detected.
This tool doesn't know how to upload to this new device. Updates may be available.
Device reports version as: 2.2
The micronucleus utility used to upload a program to the microcontroller was old. Therefore, I used the following commands to download the current version of the micronucleus source code. I compiled the program and copied the resulting binary to the location where the Digispark extension was installed.
git clone https://github.com/micronucleus/micronucleus.git
cd micronucleus/
cd commandline/
make
cp micronucleus ~/.arduino15/packages/digistump/tools/micronucleus/2.0a4/micronucleus


Program

The first use can be easily tested with the diode flashing program.

Digispark (Model A ) and Digispark Pro both have an LED on Arduino Pin 1. Digispark Model B has the led on Arduino Pin 0. The code to flash the LED is as follows:

void setup() {
  pinMode(1, OUTPUT);
}


void loop() {
  digitalWrite(1, HIGH); // turn the LED on (HIGH is the voltage level)
  delay(1000); // wait for a second
  digitalWrite(1, LOW); // turn the LED off by making the voltage LOW
  delay(1000); // wait for a second
}

Programming Digispark using the Arduino IDE development environment can be seen in the following figure. The listing shows the progress of uploading the program to Digispark.

arduino-ide-digispark.png

Those who have experience with Arduino can quickly develop programs for microcontrollers. All this is provided by the Wiring library and the large availability of libraries for various peripherals. Moreover, it is no longer necessary to limit oneself to one processor and one manufacturer. Now the Arduino experience can be easily applied not only to the many processors from Atmel (recently acquired by Microchip), but also to ARM microcontrollers and on IoT SoCs ESP8266.

RGB LEDs

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